Bilateral relations

Overview

Diplomatic relations were established on 6 April 1992.

The Embassy of Poland in Kazakhstan was opened on the 20th of March 1994.

The Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan has been operating in Poland since October 2000.

Since 7 June 2017, Margulan Baimukhan has been fulfilling the duties of the Ambassador of Kazakhstan to Poland.

Since June 2017, Selim Khazbievich is the Ambassador of Poland to Kazakhstan.

Political relations

There are no fundamental political differences in the Kazakh-Polish relations, since the general approaches towards the issues of regional and global security, combatting the contemporary challenges and threats are close or identical. This enables the close cooperation between the two States within the UN Security Council (Kazakhstan is a non-permanent member of the UNSC in 2017-2018, while Poland fulfills the same functions in 2018-2019).

Poland supported the main priorities of Kazakhstan's chairmanship of the OSCE, as well as our country's nomination to host EXPO-2017 in Astana.

Top and high level visits

Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev paid three official visits to Poland (November 1997, May 2002, a State visit in August 2016). The latest visit by the Leader of Kazakhstan in Warsaw on August 22-23, 2016 provided a major impetus to the Kazakh-Polish interaction. The negotiations resulted in signing the Declaration of the Presidents on economic cooperation between Kazakhstan and Poland, along with two inter-governmental Agreements: on agricultural cooperation, and on readmission.

In their turn, Kazakhstan was visited by Presidents of Poland: Aleksander Kwasniewski (October 1999), Lech Kaczynski (March 2007) and Andrzej Duda (September 6-8, 2017). The State visit of President Andrzej Duda was highlighted by signing of the Charter of Green Bridge Partnership Program, and the Agreement between the Ministry of National Economy of Kazakhstan and the Minister of Development and Finance of Poland.

On January 18, 2018 President of Poland Andrzej Duda spoke at the thematic briefing in New York led by the Leader of Kazakhstan “Non-Proliferation of WMD: Confidence Building Measures" within the Kazakhstan's rotating chair of the UNSC. The same day the President of Kazakhstan and Poland had a bilateral meeting.

Kazakhstan was also visited by the Polish Prime Ministers to visit Kazakhstan were Waldemar Pawlak in September 1994 and Leszek Miller in May 2003. The State Secretary of Kazakhstan G.Abdykalikova was in Poland on a working visit in June 2016.

On June 19-21, 2018 Head of the National Security Bureau of Poland Pawel Soloch visited Kazakhstan.

Inter-parliamentary cooperation

The Polish parliament has established a parliamentary group for cooperation with Kazakhstan comprising members of both Sejm and Senate (56 members). In their turn, both chambers of the Kazakhstan Parliament have their own groups for interaction with Poland.

Chairman of the Senate of Kazakhstan Oralbai Abdykarimov was to Poland on a working visit in February 2004. Presidents of the Senate of Poland Longin Pastusiak (April 2005), Bogdan Borusewicz (January 2006) and Stanislaw Karczewski (May 2016) visited Kazakhstan.

On May 8-10, 2018 Polish Senators Waldemar Kraska and Artur Warzocha toured towns of Astana and Kokshetau, as well as the village of Pervomaika (Aqmola Oblast) in Kazakhstan.

On May 15-17, 2018 the 10-member delegation of the Polish Sejm visited Astana and Karagandy, along with the villages of Pervomaika (Aqmola Oblast) and Ozernoye (North-Kazakhstan Oblast) in Kazakhstan.

On May 25-28, 2018 member of the Senate of the Kazakhstan's Parliament Nurzhan Nursipatov took part in the spring session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in Warsaw.

On July 11-13, 2018 Member of the Senate of Kazakhstan, Secretary of the Committee for Foreign Relations, Defense and Security Toleubek Mukashev visited Warsaw to attend the Third Summit of Speakers of East and Central European Parliaments, as well as the events to commemorate the 550th anniversary of the Polish parliamentarism.

Visits at the level of Foreign Ministers

The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Poland visited Kazakhstan in 1998, 2002 and 2010. The working visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Yerzhan Kazykhanov to Poland took place on 21-22 June 2012. Kazakh Minister of Foreign Affairs Yerlan Idrissov had working meetings with his Polish counterpart Radoslaw Sikorski during 2013 and 2014.

Consular cooperation

On March 13, 2018 the first consular consultations between MFAs of Kazakhstan and Poland were held in Astana.

Contractual basis

Kazakhstan and Poland have signed 25 international treaties, 22 of which are in force.

Trade and economic cooperation

Poland is one of the major foreign trade partners of Kazakhstan in Central and Eastern Europe. The Kazakh-Polish trade turnover exceeds 80% of Poland's total trade with the Central Asian countries.

The structure of Kazakhstan's exports to Poland is dominated by energy, raw materials and chemical products, coal, steel, agricultural products, including corn and cotton. The main items of import from Poland to Kazakhstan are electrical appliances and equipment, chemical products, agricultural products, foodstuff, furniture, and pharmaceuticals.

Visit of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to Poland on August 22-23, 2016 further boosted the bilateral economic cooperation, eventually leading to a breakthrough in bilateral trade. To illustrate, the Polish Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology's data indicate that the bilateral trade in 2017 reached 1.24 billion EUR, i.e. 62 percent more than in 2016 (including export from Kazakhstan at 816 million EUR (+59.5 percent) and import to Kazakhstan at 426 million EUR (+53.6%).

In the period from January to October 2018, mutual trade turnover amounted to 1 billion 715.7 million euros (compared with the same period last year, an increase of 63%), including Kazakhstan's exports - 1 billion 368.3 million euros, imports to Kazakhstan - 347.4 million euros. A significant increase in exports from Kazakhstan is due to rising energy prices.

216 enterprises with Polish participation are registered in Kazakhstan. The flagship investment projects are pharmaceutical plant "Santo" in Shymkent City (implemented by Polish group POLPHARMA), and “Selena Group" Company (dry building mixes and insulation materials plant located at the Free Economic Zone "Astana - New City".

On June 20, 2018 the 8th sitting of the Kazakh-Polish Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation was held in Astana.

The 2018 opening of the Astana office of the Polish Investment and Trade Agency (PAIH) is yet another proof of the importance of trade, economic and investment cooperation with Kazakhstan.

Both Kazakhstan and Poland enjoy a significant transit and transportation potential enabling them to implement various projects including in the framework of the Road and Belt Initiative. Today, container trains cover the distance between China and Poland in as soon as 11 days. In 2017, 3,270 container train hauls were made, and in 2018 this figure is expected to hit 4,000.

Meanwhile, Kazakhstan's importance to Poland lies not only in its transit potential. Our country, a friendly nation with a favourable investment climate, stands as a natural economic bridge for the Polish business' expansion further into Asian markets.

The steady development of the mutually beneficial cooperation has been strongly facilitated by the introduction from January 1, 2017 of visa-free regime for the Polish citizens arriving in Kazakhstan, as well as the launch of direct flight from Warsaw to Astana in May 2017.

Cultural and humanitarian ties

The two countries prioritize bilateral educational ties. The intergovernmental Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Education came into force on 6 June 2016. Currently, above 780 students from Kazakhstan are enrolled into the Polish higher educational institutions.

On April 17-18, 2018 the inaugural Kazakh-Polish Forum for Science and Higher Education took place in Warsaw. The event was attended by a large delegation of rectors of the Kazakhstan universities led by Executive Secretary of the Ministry of Education and Science Aryn Orsariyev and Chairman of the Council of Kazakhstan Universities' Rectors, Chancellor of the L.N.Gumilyov Eurasian National University Yerlan Sadykov.

In the cultural field, a number of important exchanges of famed artistic companies and performers of the two countries were arranged. The reputed ballet company from Kazakhstan «Astana Ballet» performed at opera houses in Warsaw and Wroclaw. In their turn, in October 2015 famous opera singer from Poland Katarzyna Mackiewicz, and in September 2017 the Polish National Opera and the Artistic Company of Polish Army displayed their art in the Kazakh capital.

The works of famous literature figures of the two nations have been published in Kazakh and Polish languages, respectively.

We pay a special attention to the issues related to status of the ethnic Polish minority in Kazakhstan (which is evaluated at 34,000 people) who represent a true “friendship bridge" between our two States.

Created at : 6.11.2016, 18:50, Updated at : 15.08.2019, 14:00